Does your workplace have an alarming history of workplace injuries? Without job safety analysis, you could expose your company to litigation and/or workers’ comp claims. More importantly, your employees can suffer grave injuries that could put them out of work for good.
Impeccable safety analysis entails identifying the most dangerous jobs first, exploring new or infrequent jobs, crafting new safety procedures, and simplifying manuals.
Overall, the main goal is to minimize risk as much as possible to eliminate the dangers. Even though it’s impossible to eliminate all risks, a job safety analysis template can still make your workplace a safer place.
This article will provide a comprehensive hazard analysis guide. Read further to know more.
Choose a Job to Analyze
Job safety analysis can be a daunting task. As a result, you won’t have enough time to conduct a job hazard analysis for every job.
Therefore, prioritize which job you want to analyze first. It’s best to start with jobs that carry the most danger. In construction, for example, you can analyze any job where workers must operate on scaffolds. In addition to danger, choose the best job based on the following qualities:
- Potential Danger: Determine the danger level of the position.
- New Jobs: New jobs are largely untested and must be scrutinized.
- Infrequent Jobs: These are jobs not done as frequently as other jobs.
- Complex Jobs: Complicated jobs often require written guides or manuals.
After choosing the job, break it down into various tasks. Then, establish a step-by-step layout from beginning to end. You can make this process easier with the use of safety analysis software. An activity hazard analysis tool will make your job easier.
Your job is to identify all potential hazards within each task. It’s important to assess the environment fully and observe small details. When observing, consider hazards such as loose wiring or unorganized tools.
Plus, observe various objects. What is the condition of equipment and machinery? Observe any exits to see if employees can escape safely.
Additionally, observe trucks, forklifts, fleets, or any other vehicles. Are the vehicles properly maintained? Do they have the necessary signals and markers?
Even minor objects or small areas may harbor underlying dangers. In particular, assess areas that receive heavy foot traffic.
When identifying injuries, you must determine the severity level of each hazard. You can do this via risk matrix calculations. The risk matrix calculations come with different levels to achieve more detail.
Identify the Great Dangers
Above all, find hazards that could pose the most danger to personnel. These hazards may cause crippling injury or death.
Further, check any safety records to see if objects or areas have a history of injury reports. Perhaps the reports highlight close encounters that could have resulted in injury or worse.
Also, you may have incoming materials that are unknown quantities. You can also talk to personnel about current hazards that aren’t on your radar.
After identifying the most pressing dangers, work your way down to the minor hazards.
Brainstorm the Dangers
You must also think of potential hazards that may arise before they occur. To help you get started, hazards fall into various categories, such as:
- Slips and falls
- Equipment maintenance
- Equipment operations
- Fire protection
- Electrical dangers
- Chemical dangers
- Ergonomic dangers
- Biological hazards
- Housekeeping issues
Moreover, consider what would happen if your worksite didn’t have the necessary safety response procedures in place. Then, consider other factors, such as scheduling and staffing.
Could any accidents arise as new team members start their shifts? How can arriving employees remain current on lingering hazards from previous shifts?
You can create an endless array of scenarios where mishaps can take place.
Craft Preventative Measures
This is the final and most important step. Adhere to the following steps:
- Start by recording all personal protective equipment (PPE) that can mitigate disasters.
- Follow through with a risk assessment of all hazards to pinpoint lingering risks. (Tip: Use the risk assessment matrix that you used previously. The result should be lower since you included PPE.
- Try to dispel the hazard if you’re having trouble doing so. If you’re having trouble, try to mitigate the hazards as much as you can. You can use a safety data sheet to help you minimize the risks.
- Once you eliminated or minimized the hazards, conduct an overall risk assessment. From there, you can highlight the most dangerous jobs and implement the necessary controls to prevent incidents. You can also use all the data gathered to determine if you need additional safety measures.
During the process, you can also connect with supervisors and employees for further input on controls.
Besides PPE, consider the following mitigation techniques:
- Isolation: You can look for ways to isolate the hazard from personnel.
- Procedure Changes: You can create different ways in which people can work around the hazard.
- Substitutions: You can replace the danger with a safer option.
- Elimination: You can remove the hazard altogether.
Regardless of the measures, keep a written record of all control solutions.
Thorough Job Safety Analysis
Job safety analysis requires a detailed rendering of each job. Only start with one job at a time. Further, break down all tasks within the job. After, identify all potential hazards in the area.
Finally, create the necessary control mechanisms that can mitigate or eliminate the danger. Above all, identify the most dangerous jobs that could cause grievous injuries.
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