Alzheimer’s disease is a disorder associated with the functioning of the brain and is the most common type of dementia. The disease is caused by various alterations in the brain that result in the accumulation of certain proteins. It leads to a reduction in brain volume or size, causing the brain cells to become inactive and eventually die, which hampers the cognitive functions of the brain, resulting in loss of memory, the decline in thinking, behaviour, social skills, and even basic communication. The dysfunctionality of the cognitive part of the brain leads to difficulty in coordinating in every aspect of life, be it personal, professional, or social.
No remembrance of any recent conversation or event poses as an early indicator of the disease. Any sign of the disease calls for an immediate consultation with a Neurologist In Punjab as, with time, the condition of Alzheimer’s gets worse, which causes major difficulty in memorising anything at all, which eventually hinders all everyday tasks.
To date, no treatment can cure Alzheimer’s disease; however, a prescription of certain medications or approaching a Neurosurgeon In Ludhiana might help to improve the condition of the disease.
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
The major symptom of Alzheimer’s disease is memory loss, but the progression of the condition can give rise to many other symptoms. At the beginning of the disease, the person might be aware that they are forgetting things and are unable to remember recent events and conversations, but as the disease continues to grow, only the people around them would be able to acknowledge other symptoms that include:
We all tend to forget certain things now and then, but the memory problem that occurs due to Alzheimer’s disease is much more serious. With the continuation of the disease, the person starts to lose cognitive abilities to function, which affects their life in every way possible.
The changes in the behaviour of a person may include:
- Repetition of statements and questions
- Forgetting events, conversations, appointments
- Frequently forgetting stuff at places that do not make any sense or have any relation with it.
- Losing a sense of direction and remembrance of places they knew all too well.
- The worst stage that is forgetting the names of your family members and friends
- Trouble in communication or specifying the name of an object
Thinking and reasoning
The disease has a huge impact on concentration power and focus, more precisely for abstract concepts, which means the things that only exist in ideas and not in physical form, such as numbers. People dealing with Alzheimer’s find it increasingly onerous to perform more than one task at once. Especially the tasks involving numbers, such as dialling a number or managing finances.
Making decisions and judgments
The disease also impacts a person’s ability to think in order to make the right and sensible decision. Their brain eliminates the thinking process of what is right and what is wrong. For example, they might go to sit at a place they have nothing to do with or may wear clothes that are not appropriate in accordance with the weather or do not make sense as a whole.
Changes in personality and behaviour
Alzheimer’s can also effectively change a person’s personality and behaviour. The changes may include:
- Loss of interest in favourite activities
- Rapid mood swings
- Social withdrawal
- Aggressive behaviour or anger issues
- Distrust in people, even close ones
- Hallucinating people or having delusions such as something being stolen.
- Wandering around without any reason
- Loss of (inhibitions) control over what they do or say
If you see someone indicating signs of Alzheimer’s, consult a doctor before it gets worse because once it does, the advanced stages of the disease can cause many complications, such as dehydration, malnutrition, and infections that can result in death.