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What Is IBD?: Symptoms And Risk Factors

You never know what problems might come your way and when. Every part of our body is somehow connected to the other, which means damage to one part can also raise complications in the other. One example of this is IBD. IBD does not create any problems for a woman to carry a baby, but it does create a problem to conceive one, which means IBD can cause infertility issues that can prevent a woman from conceiving even though she is capable of carrying a healthy baby. Although it does not happen much, exceptions are always there, for which there is the Best IVF Centre In Ludhiana for women who can’t conceive due to IBD. 

 

What is IBD?

IBD is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes the inflammation of the tissues in the digestive tract. It is a term that comprises two conditions that are responsible for chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal teacher (GI). These two conditions are known as:

Ulcerative Colitis: It is a prolonged inflammatory condition in which the innermost lining of the large intestine or the rectum is usually affected. The severity of Ulcerative colitis can vary from mild to severe. Ulcerative Colitis can increase patients’ risk of having colon cancer.

Crohn’s disease: Crohn’s disease is responsible for the inflammation or swelling of the lining of the digestive tract, which can go deep into the layers of the digestive tract and also spread from your stomach, making its way to your anus. Crohn’s disease mostly impacts the small intestine. However, it can still have an effect on the large intestine and the upper side of the gastrointestinal tract. 

Symptoms

The symptoms and signs of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are influenced by how severely the conditions are affecting the digestive tract. Some of the symptoms are:

  • Rectal Bleeding
  • Diarrhoea 
  • Fatigue
  • Abdominal cramping and bleeding 
  • Weight Loss anaemia

 

Causes of IBD

The sole cause of the disease is still not known. However, it was suspected that stress and diet had some take on it, but it turns out that these factors only heighten the intensity of the condition but are not responsible for causing it. 

However, some of the possible causes are: 

 

The incorrect response of the immune system towards viruses and bacteria or other environmental triggers that causes inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. It is basically an immune system malfunction where, when the immune system tries to fight off the virus and bacteria trying to invade and attack the body, the system somehow influences the digestive tract, attacking its cells. 

 

Genes are another component of the cause of this disease. People with a family history of IBD may develop a higher risk of immune system malfunction. 

 

Risk factors

Some of the factors that can increase the risk of Inflammatory bowel disease are:

  • Age: The disease mostly develops and is diagnosed in people who are under their 30s. However, some people may develop it in their 50s or 60s.
  • Where you live: Western and European countries have higher chances of developing IBD, which might be due to their lifestyle, but many other countries such as India, Latin America or Japan have seen a rapid increase in these cases in the last 20 years that may be because of them adapting to the western lifestyle which is not proving to be beneficial for the health of people. 
  • Smoking: Smoking is hazardous to health in every way; however, people who smoke have a lower risk of Ulcerative colitis even though it is still a risk factor for Crohn’s disease, which is more commonly developed among smokers. 
  • Appendectomy: People who get their appendix removed before the condition is diagnosed seem to be in benefit as it also delays the beginning of Crohn’s disease. 

As in most cases, IBD is cured by surgery, various psychological conditions and repeated surgery can cause infertility issues, which can be dejecting, but with an IVF Treatment In Bathinda, this problem can be solved with ease.

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