What is BIA-ALCL and The Symptoms of Breast Implant Illness

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Every person wants to feel good about their body. Some people are too conscious about the look of their bodies as every time they look in the mirror and feel beautiful, it kicks up their confidence. For these people to be in the best shape is a mission in order to keep their self-confidence high. While some parts of the body, like our belly and legs, can be shaped with regular exercise, there are parts, such as our breasts, which can not be shaped with exercise and people who have the breast size a bit more unusual than the normal one look for a cosmetic surgery in Vizag. Sometimes, the sizes of the breasts do not match each other, which can affect a person’s self-confidence, who is immensely conscious about their looks. The size and shape of the breasts also change as a sign of aging. Therefore, many individuals opt for breast implant surgery with the best cosmetic surgery in Vizag

What is BIA-ALCL?

BIA-ALCL, which refers to Breast Implant-Associated anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma, is an immune system cancer, not a breast cancer that occurs in people who received breast implant surgery. According to scientists, it appears that people who have textured implants have shown more cases of BIA-ALCL than people who have smooth implants. Although it is not certain, scientists say that the reason could be that the surface area of textured implants is greater, on which bacterial infections can develop. 

The infections can form after any surgery, regardless of the type of implant. Any surgery, including breast implants, can form an infection that happens when hygiene is not taken care of, and the bacteria enter your body during the surgery.

Some other complications that may occur other than an infection as a result of breast implants include:

  • Bruising
  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Scar tissue buildup 
  • Slowed wound healing
  • Skin necrosis
  • Implant rupture and deflation
  • Changes in sensation, size or volume of breast
  • Thinning of breast skin and tissue
  • Breast discomfort 
  • Calcium deposit
  • Nipple discharge
  • Bottoming out or dropping the implant
  • Asymmetry
  • Need for another surgery 

Symptoms of breast implant illness

BIA-ALCL mostly occurs in the tissue that surrounds the implant, but it can also extend to the other parts of the body’s lymphatic system as well as lymph nodes. The major symptoms are:

  • Constant pain or swelling around the implant. It may take place after a long time of the healing of the surgical incision or after many years of implant surgery. 
  • Collection of fluid around the breast
  • Capsular contracture results in developing a lump below the skin or a misshapen appearance caused by thick scar tissue around the implants. 

As there are many other complications of breast implants other than infection, their symptoms also vary, which include: 

  • Fever
  • Discharge
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Change in the shape or colour of the breast

Symptoms of autoimmune disease can be noted in people with silicone implants, which may include:

  • Fatigue 
  • Dry mouth
  • Pyrexia 
  • Dry eyes
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Myalgias, arthralgias

You must treat any breast complications that occur and let your doctor know about them as soon as possible to prevent the condition from worsening. 

Treatment for breast implant illness

Your doctor will suggest you do a PET-CT scan in case you are diagnosed with BIA-ALCL to check if there is cancer in other parts of the body, as Lymphoma is a rare cancer but can be aggressive and extend to the other parts of the body.

People who have BIA-ALCL only in the tissue surrounding the implants in one or both breasts can have it removed with normal surgery. Removing it at the first stage would prevent the disease from spreading further. However, at 2nd or higher stage of the cancer, a much more aggressive treatment might be needed other than surgery, which includes chemotherapy that may be able to slow down or stop the progression of the disease. 

The other complications that take place due to breast implants have varied treatments based on the symptoms they show. While some complications might just be solved with the help of antibiotics, others might need surgery.

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